Sangoku : Dragon Ball's main character

Sangoku : Dragon Ball's main character

Goku, also called Sangoku or Son Goku is the one and only main character of Dragon Ball, created by the famous Mangaka Akira Toriyama. From the beginning of Dragon Ball to the end of Dragon Ball Super, Goku was the only coherent entity to move the series forward. Even when he is not directly involved in the action, his presence actively drives the plot. His legacy and character define the dominant myth of the entire Dragon Ball saga. There simply would not have been a Dragon Ball without Sangoku. 🎬

All human themes are directly related to the Goku ARC. Just below, you will discover more in detail:

  • The history of Sangoku
  • His appearances in the Dragon Ball saga's different arcs
  • His true age finally revealed!
  • His most powerful techniques
  • Exciting anecdotes about the character
Let's not wait any longer to see how Goku was able to rise to the position of undisputed main character, the star of a story spanning decades in and out of the universe. As a fighter, we wanted to pay tribute to him in this article, so (re)discover his story in our Ultimate Guide to the Story of Sangoku! 💥



Goku, whose real name is Kakarot, was born when his father Bardock and his team of warriors were on a mission to conquer the planet Kanassa and kill all its inhabitants. He grew up next to the famous warrior Broly, we talk about it in our article Goku vs Broly, Who Wins? Goku was a very weak baby compared to the Saiyajin race standard, so he was sent to a planet with weak inhabitants (Earth) to exterminate all life there, because the powerful Saiyan warriors are requisitioned for more difficult missions. So they have the habit of sending their saiyan child to more accessible planets to exterminate their unworthy opponents. 🌍

Kakarot was found by an old man named Gohan in a small spaceship. Gohan tried to raise the young boy, but Kakarot was extremely hostile and strong by human standards. One day, during a trip, the young saiyan Goku fell into a deep ravine and hit his head. The permanent amnesia from the fall prevented the young boy from completing his initial mission. He was then named Son Goku by Gohan. 👶


Goku had incredible strength, speed and fighting ability, so Gohan quickly took him under his wing and trained him in martial arts. The young fighter had a tail that looked like a monkey's tail. This tail would allow him to turn into a huge monkey at the sight of the full moon (the shape of Oozaru), but Goku had no memory of when he had already become a giant monkey and ignored it completely until later, when he met Vegeta. 🐒

After the death of his adopted father Gohan, Goku traveled the world with Bulma Brief (originally residing at the Capsule Corporation) looking for the dragon Shenron’s mystical crystal balls. During his journey, he will meet Master Roshi (aka Genius Turtle), Yamcha, Puar, and Oolong, a shape-changing pig. 🐽

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Sangoku: Dragon Ball’s main character

After finding the Dragon Balls and losing their wish because of Oolong, Goku decided to train with the venerable old master Roshi. Great Turtle started training Goku and Krilin to teach them the legendary energy explosion: Kamehameha. Goku then entered the world martial arts tournament (Tenkaichi Budokai) and was defeated only by Master Roshi's alias, Jackie Chun. 🥋


After the World Martial Arts Tournament, Goku continued to travel the world to find the famous Dragon Balls, defeating the entire Red Ribbon Army in his quest, a feat that was considered impressive by all his friends. 👏

After defeating the Red Ribbon Army and finding the last crystal ball of the Shenron Dragon, Goku participated once again in the World Martial Arts Tournament. He lost to Ten Shin Han by a stroke of luck. His other great achievement was defeating King Piccolo Daimao.


goku age

In the manga, Goku was born on April 16 at the age of 736 years old and at 737 years old in the anime. Three years later, at the age of 739, just before the destruction of the planet Vegeta, he is sent to earth. If we don't count his numerous deaths, Goku is about 38 years old in the last Dragon Ball Super series

To sum up, he is 780 years old at the time of the Tournament of Power in the anime. At that time, we have to take away his 6 months of training with Beerus, his passages in the time chamber etc... So in the anime Goku is 39 years old, since the events with Broly take place the same year! In the manga however, it's a little more complex since the temporality is approached differently, Goku would be about 40 or 41 years old.


goku's family

Then as an adult, he married a woman named Chi-Chi and together they had a son named Sangohan. Goku led a relatively peaceful life until Raditz landed on planet Earth. Raditz turned out to be Goku's brother and told him about his original mission on earth. Goku refused to join Raditz in the extermination of the citizens on Earth and fought against his brother. 🤼‍♂️


Knowing that he could not fight alone against this super saiyan warrior, Goku asked his old enemy, Piccolo, to help him for the fight. Goku and Piccolo fought side by side to defeat Raditz and he sacrificed himself by immobilizing him so that Piccolo could use his special beam gun to defeat him.

Most of the dragon ball games (created by Toei Animation and Bandai Namco) allow you to relive the series most intense moments if you are a real dbz fan. Otherwise you can always watch dragon ball on TV as a dbz series, read dragon ball manga or watch dbz scans online. 📖

dbz games

After his death, Goku trained with King Kai. Kaio sama's planet had several times the gravity of the earth and helped Goku to become stronger. Goku left King Kai in time to defeat the saiya-jin warriors during Vegeta and Nappa’s counterattack, who had landed on the planet looking for their comrade Raditz. By the time Goku arrived, Vegeta and Nappa had already killed Tenshinhan, Piccolo, Yamcha and Chiaotzu. 💀

Goku could not defeat Vegeta but they were both unable to fight and Vegeta retreated. Since Piccolo was defeated, the Dragon Balls disappeared from the earth and they needed them to wish their friends back, so Goku and the other survivors went to the planet Namek which contained 7 other crystal balls. 🔮


saga dragon ball

Freezer was already on this planet looking for the dragon's own balls. Goku defeated Freezer's special army, the Ginyu Commando. Goku was far inferior to Freezer but they fought and when Freezer decided to kill Krilin, Goku's best friend, just for fun, he reached the limit and turned into a super saiyan goku in the Dragon Ball Z episodes. 🔥

It was then that Freezer unleashed another ultimate form by increasing his muscle mass (check out the scene available online in dbz streaming). He thought he would still be able to resume the fight, but Goku continued to outdo him with his clearly superior super saiyan power. Seeing no other alternative, he blew the Namek planet to pieces.

planet namek

After his enemy Freezer showed his true cowardice, he decided to leave him there for dead. He even asked
him for some of his energy, with which he planned to kill Sangoku, and in the worst case, they would both die. Goku, being so kind by nature, passed it on to him, just enough for Freezer to survive. He hoped that he could see the mistake he had made. But he was wrong. So he finished Freezer, the cry he made in the dbz vf episode is very emblematic of the dbz saga ! ⚱️

After Freezer's defeat, everyone believed that Goku had been killed on Namek. But one day, Z-Fighters and Vegeta felt Freezer's power level approaching Earth. As the villains approached, Freezer, recently rebuilt, and his father King Cold were planning to destroy the earth. Everyone was worried that the planet was doomed since Goku was no longer there to save them. 💫


But a mysterious young man arrived to confront them. Freezer and King Cold were clearly surpassed by the young Super Saiyan and were defeated within seconds. The young man then went to the Z-Fighters to tell them that Goku would soon land on Earth. Goku landed, with a new technique to his credit: instantaneous movement. The mysterious young man was Trunks from the Future (son of Bulma and Vegeta) and he informed the team that the androids (cyborgs) will be here in three years.

He also gives Goku heart medication, claiming that he died in another time line and that it would save his life. They all separate and begin their training. Sangoku trains with his son Gohan in the hyperbolic time chamber. This is where Goku and Son Gohan learned to maintain their Super Saiyan limits, and where Gohan learned to manipulate his Saiyan strength. This is also how Goku and Gohan became able to maintain themselves in these forms for longer periods of time. ⏳

chamber of time

After Goku and Gohan left their training time in the Hyperbolic Time Chamber, a new event appeared, the Cell Games tournament, organized by the evil Cell.


Sangoku: Dragon Ball’s main character

Goku knew that he didn't have enough power to defeat Cell in this state (Cell reached his final form because Vegeta had become too arrogant in his Super Saiyan 2 form). So he was defeated by Cell in his final form. After that, Cell decided that he would form his own tournament to fight all the most powerful warriors in the world, which seemed to be an excuse to beat Goku. 💥

Goku intended to use Cell enough so that Gohan could end it. Cell began to self-destruct and he quickly used his instantaneous movement to teleport himself to King Kai's planet. He sacrificed himself to keep the earth safe, but Cell was able to regenerate. It was up to Gohan to defeat him and he did so by deploying his SSJ2 form. Goku gathered the Dragon Balls once again to wish everyone life and he thought the world would be safer if he remained dead.

If you've been touched by the Cell Games in the manga and in the Dragon Ball Z anime, find all the most original Cell Products right here:


majin buu

And here we are now at the moment when Babidi arrived to resurrect Majin Boo. Earlier, Goku had been able to find all his best friends, such as Krilin and Vegeta, as well as his sons Gohan and Goten. During the World Martial Arts Tournament, two fighters with an M badge on their foreheads stole some of Gohan's power and fled.

Goku and the others followed them to Babidi's ship. Goku, Vegeta, and the Supreme Kai entered this ship where they faced hardships. 🚧

So Goku fought this creature that had the ability to absorb energy. Once he realized this, he turned on the power and let the demon absorb its power until it exploded. Vegeta was transformed by Babidi into Majin in an attempt to gain power. Goku then asked him to take them to a place far away from the people to fight his friend/enemy. Goku and Vegeta fought until they realized that Majin Boo had been released. 🔗

Goku tried to persuade Vegeta to join forces to defeat Majin Boo. Vegeta agreed, but when Goku went to fetch sensual beans, Vegeta knocked him out. Vegeta gave his life trying to defeat Majin Boo, but when he woke up, Goku had to return to the afterlife because his 24 hours on earth had passed. ⌚


Gohan will later be trained by the Supreme Kai. The elder Kai will later trade his life for Goku's afterlife so that he can return to earth and find someone to use the fused earrings (the Potaras) to permanently bond with.

Goku merged with Vegeta after his resurrection, becoming Vegeto. In the end, Goku used his spiritual bomb to defeat the original form of Majin Boo (Kid Buu). Before Kid Buu's defeat, Goku requested that he be resurrected later so that he would have the chance to fight him again. Years later, Boo was resurrected as a boy named Uub. During a martial arts tournament, Goku tried to antagonize Uub to release his hidden power.


goku's techniques

Thanks to his perseverance and extensive training, Goku mastered more than twenty techniques. His most used in the series are Kamehaméha, Kaio-Ken and Genkidama. He will also learn to master Ultra Instinct in the Dragon Ball Super series. 

This is THE technique that cannot be ignored in the Dragon Ball saga. Taught by Kamé Sennin (aka Tortie Geniale, Master Roshi), this concise technique concentrates all of his energy in his hands to send an ultra powerful energy charge. We will see Goku use this technique a lot of times.

This technique generates a considerable ball of energy above Goku's head. Very dangerous because its contribution in power can literally destroy a planet, he will need it during his fights against Freezer, Kid Boo or Vegeta.

The famous Kaio-Ken gives Goku a reddish aura. This technique allows him to increase his strength tenfold but be careful not to abuse it, otherwise you may endanger his health!

Considered by some as a technique and by others more as a state, Ultra Instinct was so much in the news in the Super saga that we could not but mention it. This "technique" allows the user to enter a state of relatively Zen trance that gives him or her power, speed and dazzling anticipation. To be continued!


saga dbz

  • To find the character’s name, Akira Toriyama was inspired by the Chinese legend of the Monkey King. If you want to know more about it, don't hesitate to read our article on the Origins of Goku. 🐒

  • Do you know where the name of the most famous Dragon Ball saga technique comes from? It comes from the name of a very famous Hawaiian king, named "Kaméhaméha". 🏖

  • As you know, Sangoku is an outstanding warrior who has proven his fighting abilities throughout the saga. But now, try to count the total number of defeated enemies... And yes, now it's stuck! Come on, I'll take off the suspsens: Goku has killed only 2 enemies during his whole career as a saiyan, Yakon (Babidi's henchman) and Boo!

  • Like any good Saiyan who respects himself, the name Sangoku, also called Kakarot, comes from the word "carrot", you will have understood it in the syllables. 🥕

  • Do you know Goku’s  greatest fear? And it's not Freezer! It's the stings! He's really afraid of them, the mere sight of a syringe freezes his blood as shown in two episodes in the DBZ saga.


And that's it! Now you know almost everything about the main character Son Goku and his adventure in the Dragonball and DBZ saga! We will soon talk about his appearances in the Dragon Ball Super Saga (with Beerus, Whis and Jiren), Dragon Ball Gt (SSJ4) and in the movies (against Broly, the legendary warrior), but for now, we'll let you digest and remember all his past adventures to better apprehend the continuation of his adventures as a young saiyan! 🚀

In the meantime you can play Goku in the Dragon Ball games (Dragon Ball Xenoverse 1 &2, Dragon Ball Z: Kakarot), but also collect it, so find quickly the Dragon Ball Z Figurines of your favorite characters at Goku Store !

figues dbz

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